In this Issue:
Excerpts from the Fall 1999 Issue (Volume 2, Number 4) of the Pneuma Review
The Pneuma Review is a quarterly printed journal of ministry resources and theology for Pentecostal and charismatic ministries and leaders.
The Fall 1999 issue of the Pneuma Review should be to all subscribers (in the U.S.) by the end of this week. Here is some of what you will find in this power-packed issue:
From "Mayim Chayim: The Living Waters" by Kevin Williams [top]
Read the full article on PneumaReview.com
From an Interview with William De Arteaga
: What unifying factors do you see within the charismatic movement?
De Arteaga: I see three things that the Pentecostal and charismatic movements have given to Christendom. First an understanding that gifts of the Spirit are intended for both laymen and the clergy, and all believers should operate in one or more of the gifts of the Spirit. Secondly, a deeper appreciation of the person of Jesus. This is not obvious now, because we are in the midst of 80 or 90 years of spiritual renewal, but if you look at the devotional documents written prior to this century you can see that worship of the Father was more prominent. Directly worshipping Jesus as part of the God-head and the renewed emphasis on His Lordship are characteristics of this spiritual renewal. Thirdly, like all authentic Christian revivals, the charismatic renewal has reaffirmed the veracity of Scripture. We believe the Word of God to be intrinsically infallible. This is also a necessary characteristic because many main-line denominations have slipped sadly on this issue, some into absolute apostasy.
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Answers to Questions: Should Mark 16:9-20 be in your Bible?
Mark 16:17-18 (KJV): "And these signs shall follow them that believe; In My name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay their hands on the sick, and they shall recover."
ALLEGATION: Mark 9:16-17 is not in the best manuscripts.
ANSWER: This statement is a misleading half-truth. It is true that the two Greek manuscripts (MSS) generally regarded as best, B and Aleph, omit Mark 16:9-20. However, these MSS by themselves do not constitute final authority on any manuscript question; all the manuscript (MS) data must be considered. Moreover, in both B and Aleph, this section of Mark has unusual characteristics that call the testimony of these MSS into question.
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In all, a total of over 600 Greek MSS contain Mark 16:9-20. These MSS represent all of the recognized text-types: Alexandrian (Egypt), Eastern (Caesarea and Antioch), Western (Italy, Gaul, and North Africa), and Byzantine (Constantinople). "Such agreement is extremely rare in disputed passages," notes F.C. Cook, "and is the more remarkable since the list comprises copies of entirely different recensions, and of different ages from the fourth century downwards."
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Mark 16:9-20 is preserved in versions of the Scriptures in languages from all over the ancient known world: Latin, Coptic, Egyptian, Syriac, Georgian, Armenian, Ethiopic. Critics have no satisfactory explanation of how this passage found its way into early MSS throughout the Mediterranean world, if it is a fraud.
If Mark 16:9-20 is not authentic, it had to have been written a century or less after Mark was written. But what scribe would have had the audacity to add twelve verses to Mark's Gospel while Mark or one of his contemporaries was still living?
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Book and Periodical Reviews
From the Guest Review by Jon Ruthven:
The Kingdom and the Power: Are Healing and Spiritual Gifts Used by Jesus and the Early Church Meant for the Church Today? A Biblical Look at How to Bring the Gospel to the World with Power. Gary S. Greig and Kevin N. Springer, eds. Regal Books, 1993. 463 pp.
Read the review on PneumaReview.com: PneumaReview.com/the-kingdom-and-the-power-reviewed-by-jon-ruthven.
From a periodical review by Raul Mock:
"Pentecostal Trends of the 90's" By Vinson Synan. Ministries Today (May/June 1999, Vol 17 No 3), pp. 60-64, 77.
Read the review on PneumaReview.com: PneumaReview.com/vsynan-pentecostal-trends-90s.
- Paul Beals, father of Tim Beals (Pneuma Review contributing editor), had a stroke recently and is now at the Grand Rapids, Michigan hospital Mary Free Bed for therapy and recovery. This was considered a major stroke, and he is having trouble communicating. Please pray for him. Address available if you would like to send a card or note of encouragement.
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